Logic-Based Therapy: 
The New Rational Therapy


Logic-Based Therapy, founded by Elliot D. Cohen,  is a leading modality of  “philosophical practice?  or "philosophical counseling." Like psychological practice, philosophical practice aims at helping clients address their behavioral and emotional problems. In contrast, its practitioners typically stress philosophical methods and theories above mainstream psychological ones.  LBT is offspring to Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) developed by psychologist Albert Ellis in the 1950's.  Dr. Ellis' vision has been to cultivate a form of therapy enlightened by philosophy and logic.  The Institute of Critical Thinking, founded in 1985, seeks to carry on this philosophical tradition in the form of LBT.  To learn more about LBT and its relation to REBT see LBT:  The New Philosophical Frontier for REBT

Read more about the history of LBT:

Excerpt from:

Philosophy with Teeth: The Be Wedding of Philosophical and Psychological Practices
Elliot D. Cohen, Ph.D. 
International Journal of Philosophical Practice
, Vol 2, No. 2 (Summer 2004)

The idea that philosophical methods and theories can provide therapy to people with problems of living occurred to me in the late 1970s ... Here was the basic idea behind philosophical counseling: the use of philosophical methods and theories to improve upon peoples practical, life decisions. Not theory for its own sake; not logic for the share contemplation, but enlistment of these in the overcoming of practical life problems!

 It was in fact my early hypothesis that many of the emotional and behavioral problems that people suffer are the result of bad logic. I wondered how many marriages went awry from the commission of faulty thinking errors; how many familial dysfunctions amidst self-defeating bouts with anxiety, depression, anger and guilt were fueled by conclusions that could never pass philosophical muster. Yet the treatment of behavioral and emotional problems was classically the province of the psychologist, not the philosopher. At the same time, training in logic and philosophical analysis was not typically part of the training of psychologists.
 In the mid eighties, I set out to confirm my hypothesis by attempting to treat clients by giving them logic and philosophy, and what I learned in the therapeutic endeavor confirmed my hypothesis, for I found people torturing themselves through the commission of reasoning errors that could be easily flagged by students of philosophy 101.
 Prior to starting my clinical work, I had become aware of one form of psychotherapy that started with a similar hypothesis as my own, that behavioral and emotional problems are rooted in irrational thinking. The theory in question was (then) known as Rational-Emotive Therapy (RET), which had been developed by psychologist Albert Ellis more than three decades before my own work began. ...Unfortunately,  philosophers of this era did not—and still do not —usually study the work of counselors and psychotherapist in sufficient detail. Second, they did not?br>  and still do not—usually try their theories out in the clinic. It was, however, in overcoming these two tendencies inherent in my own training as a professional philosopher that made the development of my approach to philosophical counseling possible.
 Realizing the need to bring philosophers, counselors, and psychotherapists together I co-founded the American Society for Philosophy, Counseling, and Psychotherapy in 1991 under the auspices of the American Philosophical Association. The mission of this learned Society was, in the words of it Constitution, "to foster the study of issues relating to philosophy, counseling and psychotherapy" and "the means to this end shall include learned meetings to promote the scholarly exchange of views." In 1995, as ASPCP members became interested in practical issues such as malpractice, licensing and certification, the Society turned to development of a Code of Ethics and Standards of Certification, and in 1996 began to issue certification to philosophers in philosophical counseling. ... Click here to read the full article